If you’re confused about IPX ratings on electronic devices, you aren’t alone. In this guide, you’ll learn the basics of IPX waterproof ratings, including an explanation of both numbers (solid and water) and what it all means. Plus an IPX rating chart of increasing protection against intrusions.
If you’re looking for the best IPX waterproof rating, you should choose an action camera with IPX7 or IPX8 rating. Both can be safely immersed in water – and will keep working under heavy rain, the mist from breaking waves, and even llama spit episodes. Here’s what you need to know about IPX waterproof ratings.
In this post, you’ll learn the difference between IP ratings for solid and liquid intrusions, find examples of each category, an IPX rating chart for each category. Plus IPX rating of popular cameras and other electronic devices.
IPX ratings are more accurate than just “waterproof”. Some cameras (like the GoPro Hero10 Black) can be submerged to just 33 ft (10 m) and are advertised as waterproof.
Compare that with a decent dive watch (like this Citizen Eco-Drive Promaster) that can go to depths of 1000 ft (300 m) and is listed as just water-resistant.
By using a standardized rating system, consumers can accurately understand the level of protection for each device. Each product must be tested and be independently certified before using an IP rating. Companies can’t use an IPX without being certified first.
- IP: Each IP rating begins with IP as the first two characters.
- First digit (Solid Particle): Rating for solid materials, like dust, sand, soil, even fingers. Scale of 0-6.
- Second Digit (Liquid): Rating for water resistance. Scale of 0-9.
- X: The letter X can be used in place of either digit. This means that either there is insufficient data, or that that rating is focused on just one element.
- 0: The zero is used when there is no protection provided for that element.
The X is commonly used because IPX ratings can be confusing for consumers. By only displaying one digit, the level of protection is more easily understood.
Dustproof and waterproof ratings are different. The Olympus Tough TG-6 is rated for both solids and water.
- IPX0: No protection from water ingress.
- IPX1: Dripping water. Test lasts 10 minutes. Water volume measures 0.039 inches (1 mm) in rainfall per minute.
- IPX2: Dripping water with device tilted at 15° from normal position. Texted in 4 different positions. Water volume equals 0.12 inches (3 mm) per minute.
- IPX3: Spraying water. 5 minute spray test of 10 liters per minute.
- IPX4: Splashing water from any direction, using an oscillating tube or spray nozzle. 10 minute duration.
- IPX5: Water jets. Water sprayed for 3 minutes at 4.4 psi (30 kPa), with 12.5 liters per minute.
- IPX6: Powerful water jets. Water sprayed for 3 minutes at 15 psi (100 kPa), with 100 liters per minute.
- IPX6K: Powerful water jets (increased pressure). Water sprayed for 3 minutes at 150 psi (1000 kPa), with 100 liters per minute.
- IPX7: Immersion (1 meter or less). Up to 3 ft 3 in (1 meter). Test lasts 30 minutes, with depth of 39 inches (1000 mm)
- IPX8: Immersion (1 meter or deeper). 3 ft 3 in (1 meter) or deeper. Test length and depth specified by manufacturer. Commonly, this test is up to 9.8 ft (3 meters). Actual test depth noted on each device spec sheet.
- IPX9K: Powerful, hot water jets. This 3-minute test subjects devices to 14-16 liters per minute of 176 °F (80 °C) water. This rating corresponds to IPx9. It uses the same water test as IP69K. This rating is rarely used.
The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) defines enclosure types, in a similar but distinct manner to IP codes.
- AirPods Pro: They are sweat and water-resistant, but not fully waterproof.
What is GoPro IPX Rating?
I’m unable to find the IP rating for any GoPro camera. What this probably means, is that they didn’t pay for that testing and certification.
All GoPro cameras since the Hero5 (and to the current Hero10) are waterproof without an external case, for depths up to 33 feet (10 meters). The Max is the exception, which is waterproof to just 16 feet (5 meters).
Here’s our full GoPro Waterproof Guide to all models and depth specs.
- Apple Watch Series 1 (and 1st Gen): IPX7
- Apples Watch Series 2 (and newer): 50 meters water resistant
- Apple Watch Series 7: IP6X (Dust Resistant). Water resistant to 50 meters). Not all straps are water resistant. No IPX (waterproof) rating provided.
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